Blood Consisting of white cells, red cells and plasma. Used in many research projects. Often obtained at the same time as blood taken for routine tests
Tissue removed at surgery
Tissue removed at surgery In many cases there is tissue left over after an operation, once all the necessary routine tests are finished. This is a really important source of samples for research
Organs Sometimes whole organs may be used in research- obtained at an operation or after death
Urine and faeces
Urine and faeces Even though these are usually flushed down the toilet researchers will need permission to use these as they contain some of your cells
Biopsies These are small bits of tissue removed to make a diagnosis. Any material left over after tests have been done can be useful for research
Needle biopsies
Needle biopsies Small samples can be taken through the skin to make a diagnosis. Any left over can be useful or research

Samples- some examples

Samples of use in research come in many shapes and sizes. These are just a few examples of the many types which may be involved